Before Cabagan became a regular municipality, it was then part of the territory La Irraya of the Cagayan Valley. Irraya was the term for the native’s name and their dialect which means “upriver”.
In 1607, the Provincial Chapter of the Holy Rosary ordered Frays Luis Flores and Francisco Minaio to the Irraya speaking communities, to teach the natives to speak Ibanag (Ybanag). During those days, natives were discouraged to speak Irraya because Spaniards believed that was the language of the “pagans” or the “Kalingas”. When Ibanag was introduced by the Spaniards to the natives, it became the official language of the valley. Today, some residents of Barangay Tallag and San Bernardo can still remember some Irraya phrases.
At present, Ibanag speaking community can be found in the northeastern provinces of Cagayan and Isabela, particularly in Tuguegarao City, Solana, Abulug, Camalaniugan, Cabagan and City of Ilagan.
In 1621, historic Irraya Revolt led to the creation of a town called Maquila (quilat/quili-Ibanag word for sparkling or clear). On November 30, 1646, due to its proximity to Tuguegarao, the residents of Maquila were transferred to a new site upstream southward at the mouth of the Cagayan and Pinacanauan Rivers of Cabagan and is now the poblasyon (town center) of San Pablo. The new site was called “Cabagan”.
Cabagan became a charter town in November 30, 1646 and ecclesiastically in May 15, 1647 with Saint Paul the Apostle as the patron saint. The origin of the name Cabagan was derived from a native word “bag” or “bajaque” which means stores selling g-strings. Another version stated that Cabagan came from the word “cabbagang” which means “pilgrim” or stranger.
From 1646 to 1877, the present-day Municipalities of Cabagan and San Pablo were just one town called “Cabagan”. In between these periods, in 1761, a settlement across the Pinacanauan river started to grow and because of its remarkable progress, on January 25, 1877, by virtue of Royal Decree of Spanish Crown, the old town of Cabagan was transferred by Dominican Fray Pedro Ricart to a new site.
In 1888 however, the Spaniards restored the abandoned old site of Cabagan and developed it into another town. This resulted to the emergence of two towns wherein the restored old site of Cabagan was called Cabagan Viejo(Viejo-Spanish word for old) with Fray Segundo Rodriguez as the cura parocco and the new site of Cabagan as Cabagan Nuevo(Nuevo-Spanish word for new). When the Americans came to rule the Philippines after the Spaniards, they renamed Cabagan Nuevo as simply “CABAGAN”, and the Cabagan Viejo became the town known today as San Pablo.
Cabagan was categorized as a 1st Class Municipality in 2004 under the administration of Atty. Christopher A. Mamauag.
- (142 Years as of 2019)
|Before 15th Century||CABAGAN (San Pablo and Cabagan) was then part of the territory La Irraya (Yrraya in other manuscripts) of the Cagayan Valley|
Irraya was also the term for the native’s name and their dialect which means “upriver”
|From Tuguegarao up to the present town of Gamu, Isabela|
|1607||Provincial Chapter of the Holy Rosary Province (or Dominicans) ordered Fray Luis Flores and Francisco Minaio to the Irraya speaking community in helping the natives to learn to speak Ibanag (Ybanag).|
Natives were discouraged to speak Irraya because Spaniards believe that was the language of the “pagans” or the Kalingasat that time.
Ibanag was made the official language in the valley.
From Lal-lo, Spaniards introduced Ibanag at Tuguegarao and the nearby towns (Solana, Abulug, Cabagan up to Ilagan).
Some residents of Barangay Tallag & San Bernardo can still remember some Irraya phrases
|1621||Historic Irraya Revolt led to the creation of a town called Maquila (quila/quili-Ibanag word for sparkling or clear)||Junction of the Cagayan and Pinacanauan rivers|
|November 30, 1646||Residents of Maquila was transferred to the new site Cabagan (the town center of San Pablo).|
Cabagan came from a native word “bag” or “bajaque” which means stores selling g-strings.
Another version stated that Cabagan came from the word “cabbagang” which means “pilgrim” or stranger.
|May 15, 1647||Church of Cabagan was constructed named San Pablo Apostol de Cabagan with a lofty bell tower which was the tallest in Cagayan Valley||San Pablo Church in San Pablo, Cabagan (372 years)|
|1709||Cabagan Church and its big convent was destroyed by a fire||San Pablo Church in San Pablo, Cabagan|
|1718||Rebellion in Cabagan led the natives to flee to the mountains for safety|
|1738||Military Fort of Cabagan was destroyed by earthquakes||San Pablo, Cabagan|
|March 20, 1758||Dominican Missionary of Cabagan, Fray Jose Marin, reported a cholera epidemic which killed an approximately 500 people in Cabagan and 800 in Tuguegarao||Cabagan and San Pablo, Isabela|
|1841||Fray Antonio Garcia built the casa real in Cabagan. Casa real is the government center during the Spanish rule in the alcaldia (town) 0x30 sqm two-storey building made of stone with inscription to one of its walls “ESTA CASA TRIBUNAL SE CON CLUIO EN ANO DE 1846, SIENDO GOVERNAD D’JUAN DE GUZMAN||San Pablo|
|1857||Casa real was burned but eventually repaired|
|1861||A Royal Decree of Spanish Crown was issued separating the new village of Cabagan (now Cabagan)|
|January 25, 1877||The old town of Cabagan (now San Pablo) was transferred by Dominican Fray Pedro Ricart to a new site-the present territory of Cabagan because of the unhealthiness of the old site and that progress is remarkable at the new town (now Cabagan Nuevo)|
Spaniards resurrected the abandoned site of Cabagan (now San Pablo) into a new town and called “Cabagan Viejo” with Fray Segundo Rodriguez as the cura parocco. The other Cabagan was named “Cabagan Nuevo to avoid confusion on the two “Cabagans”
Viejo means old and Nuevo means New in Spanish
Fray Segundo Rodriguez renovated partly the church.
|1898 up||When the Americans arrived they re-christened Cabagan Nuevo as simply “CABAGAN” and Cabagan Viejo as “SAN PABLO”|
|2004||Categorized as a 1st Class Municipality|
The municipality is surrounded by seven (7) other municipalities of Isabela and one municipality from the Province of Kalinga. On the north is the Municipality of San Pablo; on the northwest are the municipalities of Santa Maria and Quezon, Isabela and Rizal, Kalinga; on the northeast are the municipalities of Divilacan and Maconacon, Isabela; on the southeast is the Municipality of Santo Tomas; and on the south is the Municipality of Tumauini.
Total Land Area
|Existing Land Use||Area|
|Built Up Area||29,848.18|
|Utility and Transportation||51.44|
|Total Land Area||41, 479.48|
RAINFALL AND CLIMATE
|Type III||No pronounced season|
Relatively wet from May to October and dry for the rest of the year.
Maximum rain period are not very pronounced, dry season lasts from one to three months.
The area is partly sheltered from the northeast monsoon and trade winds but open to the southwest monsoon or at least two frequent storms.
|TYPE IV||Characterized by even distribution of rainfall throughout the year|
The most common air currents in the country are northeast monsoon (from the higher pressure of Asia), the trade winds (from the pacific), and the southeast monsoon (from the southern hemisphere).
Southerly (from May to September)
|Hottest Months of the Year||May and June with recorded 400 celcius|
|Coldest Month of the Year||January with recorded 170 celcius|
|Central Portion||level to sloping terrains|
|Western and Central Eastern portion||sloping to undulating terrains|
|Eastern to Southeastern||hilly to mountainous terrains|
|Slope Category||Area (in hectares)||Percentage (%)|
|Soil Series||Area (hectares)||Percentage (%)|
|San Juan Clay||3,851.85||9.29|
|San Manuel Sandy Loam||10,672.11||25.73|
|Rugao Sandy Clay Loam||6,908.41||16.65|
|Population (as of 2020 CBMS Data)||50,709|
|Population Growth Rate (2000-2010)||0.97%|
|Household Population (as of 2020 data)||12,597|
|Average Household Size||4.58|
|Barangay Population||Participation Rate||2020|
SOCIO ECONOMIC PROFILE
|Major economic activities||Agriculture & Services|
|Actual IRA||Php 208,920,395.00|
|Locally Sourced income||Php 22,031,628.15|
|Other Revenues||Php 17,410,033.00|
|Total LGU income||Php257,088,364.32|
|Located in the 1st District of the Province of Isabela|
|No. of Barangays||26|
|No. of Precincts||171|
|No. of Registered Voters||26,034|
|Municipal Mayor||Atty. Christopher A. Mamauag|
|Vice-Mayor||Hon. Lovier V. Masigan|
|Sangguniang Bayan Member||Hon. Randolph E. Zipagan|
|Sangguniang Bayan Member||Hon. Reymar C. Zipagan|
|Sangguniang Bayan Member||Hon. Soidemer Francisco R. Guingab|
|Sangguniang Bayan Member||Hon. Mian Kenn B. Acorda|
|Sangguniang Bayan Member||Hon. Hector A. Mamauag|
|Sangguniang Bayan Member||Hon. Stephen P. Ramos|
|Sangguniang Bayan Member||Hon. Diwayne Jake C. Mamauag|
|Sangguniang Bayan Member||Hon. Leonardo Ronald A. Baricaua|
|Punong Barangay – Aggub||Hon. Reynaldo M. Salavaria|
|Punong Barangay – Anao||Hon. Venus R. Gatan|
|Punong Barangay – Angancasilian||Hon. Alfredo S. Macapallag|
|Punong Barangay – Balasig||Hon. Fenimor M. Marayag|
|Punong Barangay – Cansan||Hon. Marivic M. Malabug|
|Punong Barangay – Casibarag Norte||Hon. Arthur L. Masiddo|
|Punong Barangay – Casibarag Sur||Hon. Glenn V. Aggabao/LnB President|
|Punong Barangay – Catabayungan||Hon. Melchor E. Zipagan III|
|Punong Barangay – Centro||Hon. Leonardo P. Bautista Jr.|
|Punong Barangay – Cubag||Hon. Teodoro B. Guiyab|
|Punong Barangay – Garita||Hon. Jayson B. Saquing|
|Punong Barangay – Luquilu||Hon. Enrique C. Baquiran|
|Punong Barangay – Mabangug||Hon. Joean A. Marayag|
|Punong Barangay – Magassi||Hon. Rolando A. Bautista|
|Punong Barangay – Masipi East||Hon. Sonny R. Rumbaua|
|Punong Barangay – Masipi West||Hon. Georgie B. Melad|
|Punong Barangay – Ngarag||Hon. Romeo D. Dalafu|
|Punong Barangay – Pilig Abajo||Hon. Panchito P. Betay|
|Punong Barangay – Pilig Alto||Hon. Randy B. Palattao|
|Punong Barangay – San Antonio||Hon. Marlito U. Agabin|
|Punong Barangay – San Bernardo||Hon. Ferdito G. Angolluan|
|Punong Barangay – San Juan||Hon. Romel B. Zipagan|
|Punong Barangay – Saui||Hon. Erwin P. Banguilan|
|Punong Barangay – Tallag||Hon. Joylin Guingab|
|Punong Barangay – Ugad||Hon. Angelito M. Panganiban|
|Punong Barangay – Union||Hon. Marcial D. Acierto|
|School Level||No. of Schools|
|Pre-School to Elementary||4|
|Secondary to Tertiary||1|
|Vocational/Technical||Seasonal thru LGU|
|District Hospital (Operated by PGI)||1|
|Main Health Center||1|
|Barangay Health Center||27|
|TB DOTS Facility||1|
|Private Medical Clinics||13|
|Private Dental Clinics||6|
|Medical Personnel and Support Staff||24|
|Main Police Station||1|
|No. of Uniformed Personnel||62|
|No. of Non-Uniformed Personnel||4|
|No. of Civilian Employees||59|
|Total No. of Officers||1|
|No. of Non-Officer Personnel||12|
Jail and Penology
|Total No. of Officers||1|
|No. of Non-Officer Personnel||23|
|Cable Television Station||2|
|Private Internet Cafes||7|
|Mode of Transportation||Area|
|Public Utility Vehicles||National Highways|
|Tricycle||Urban and Rural Barangays|
|Kalesa||Within Urban Barangays|
|Motorized Boat||Riverside Barangays|
ROAD NETWORKS AND BRIDGES
|National Roads||16 kilometers|
|Provincial Roads||10 kilometers|
|Municipal Roads||9 kilometers|
|Barangay Roads||72 kilometers|
BANKING AND FINANCE INSTITUTIONS
|Deep Well||All Barangays|
|Spring Water||Masipi East|
|Water District||9 Urban Barangays and 1 Rural (Barangay San Antonio)|
|Material Recovery Facilities||27 (including MRF in SLF)|
PARKS & RECREATION
|Private Physical Gymnasium||1|
|Computer Gaming Stations||29|